Obesity increases your chances of getting a variety of health problems. For expectant mothers, being overweight may affect the baby as well. There are various ways of determining if you are overweight such as checking your waist size or body mass index. If you find that you are overweight, you should try as much as you can to lose the extra body weight to remain in a healthy state, as you grow older. Below are explanations of how obesity is linked to various health conditions.
Health conditions related to obesity
Type 2 diabetes
This refers to a condition where the levels of sugar in your blood are above normal. It is a common cause of kidney disease, heart disease, blindness, amputation, and stroke. Studies show that more than 80% of patients who have type 2 diabetes are obese or overweight. The excess body weight brings about an imbalance of the hormone called insulin, which is used to carry sugar from the blood to cells where it is converted to energy. When the insulin fails to carry sugar from the blood, the level of sugar in the blood becomes too high resulting in the type 2 diabetes. Losing weight will help to delay or prevent the onset of diabetes. If you are already diabetic, losing weight and getting more physically active will reduce the amount of medicine that you have to take for the condition.
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, refers to a condition where blood pushes against the walls of your arteries using a higher pressure than normal. There is no obvious symptom of the condition, but it usually leads to other health problems such as stroke, heart disease, and kidney failure. Hypertension can be linked to obesity in a variety of ways. The increase in body size will cause the heart to pump harder so that blood can reach all the cells. Pumping harder means higher pressure, which can easily cause hypertension. Your kidneys, used to regulate blood pressure, can also be damaged by the excess fat.
Heart disease is a combination of various problems, which affect the heart. A common problem includes narrowing and hardening of the blood vessels carrying blood to the heart. Heart disease may result in heart attack, cardiac death, heart failure, abnormal heart rhythm, or angina. Weight loss will improve your blood pressure, blood flow, and cholesterol levels, which all contribute to heart disease.